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    淺談初中沉悶型班級產生的原因

    時間:2019年05月23日 所屬分類:推薦論文 點擊次數:

    內容摘要:班級氣氛的沉悶,不利于學生情感體驗,有礙學生語言能力的提高,不利于學生健康向上、積極樂觀的人生態度的形成,而積極活躍的班級能夠促進學生生理、心理的全面發展,提高學生的綜合素質。 關鍵詞:沉悶型,班級,原因 初中班級氣氛沉悶是一個很系統的問

      內容摘要:班級氣氛的沉悶,不利于學生情感體驗,有礙學生語言能力的提高,不利于學生健康向上、積極樂觀的人生態度的形成,而積極活躍的班級能夠促進學生生理、心理的全面發展,提高學生的綜合素質。

      關鍵詞:沉悶型,班級,原因

    初中教學

      初中班級氣氛沉悶是一個很系統的問題,原因很多。與學生的群體性格特質本身有關,與班級班干的引領有關,與班主任的管理方式有關,與任課教師的教學有關。

      一.性格內向的學生較多

      通過多年教學工作我發現沉悶型班級的學生構成中,性格內向的學生比較多。他們性格溫和內向,平時很少說話,包括課間說話聲音都很小。與老師談話臉會紅,上課時對老師的教學回應很少。性格內向與外向本身沒有好壞之分,但是如若因為性格導致學習生活上的不主動和不積極,就要引起我們老師的關注了。性格內向的學生雖然大多比較乖巧,但同時和他們溝通也很困難。班級這樣的學生多了就很容易導致整個班級呈現沉悶的氣氛。通過課堂教師提問對象的觀察,內向型學生課堂發言較少,成為班級課堂沉悶的大多數。

      二.引領班級的班干較少

      要加強班級建設,就一定要發揮好班委會及班干部的核心領導作用,各負其責,各盡所能,調動班干部工作的積極性,使班級工作有條不紊地進行。當班干部在班級中不能夠盡到自己相應的職責,有名無實,整個班級的管理僅靠班主任一人,我們會發現好的班級氛圍很難出現。因此,一個班級沒有班干積極組織工作,沒有好班干的引領,則不能形成一個良性的班級,出現課堂,課外的沉悶現象也就可想而知了。

      三.班級教師的引導不當

      教師是學生成長的引領者,在教育教學中教師起著主導作用。不同的教師有著不同的教學理念,不同的教學能力及水平,在教學中容易出現不同問題。

      1.教師對學生的要求過高學生對某一知識點掌握的不夠全面,語言描述不夠嚴謹正是我們教師應該給予糾正和引導的地方,而不是一味的否定,學生心中都有自己的想法,但語言上確實有欠缺,教師沒有及時的肯定學生描述中正確的部分,導致學生否定自己的理解,產生膽怯心理,不敢主動去展示自己的想法。學生在受教育的過程中出錯是常有的事。由于他們處于中學階段,處于青春期每個人的能力及對知識的掌握存在差異,家庭背景,個人經歷各不相同,因此在處理日常生活學習中的問題時也存在許多的不足之處。教師對學生的要求過于完美是對學生的一種傷害,進而失去進取的信心,喪失學習的積極性。

      2.教師教學方法單一教師也是一個藝術家,學會有藝術的管理學生能夠很好的激發學生學習生活的熱情。不管是學生的課堂還是課外時間教師一成不變的管理模式很容易引起學生的審美疲勞,換個形式增強新鮮感是增強學生的學習動力和熱情的好方法。課堂上氣氛沉悶,學生不能很好的參與到課堂教學中時,教師就要及時采取措施,調動班級學生學習氣氛,可以講講故事,可以讓學生講解,可以進行小組比賽等。看上去耽誤了課堂的教學時間,但是適當的調節可以提高課堂的效率。“磨刀不誤砍柴工”讓學生做真正的時間主人。

      3.教師的語言缺少啟發性常常有些教師的語言枯燥無味,毫無引導性和啟發性,他們在班級管理上死板教條,與學生交流的語言匱乏。因而在這些教師的課堂上及班級管理中,我們經常看到學生上課聽的無精打采,甚至會出現成排睡覺的現象,課外做事情也是毫無激情的。因而教師要不斷的提高自己的語言表達能力。使得自己的語言平實,富有幽默感,機智有激情,從而很好的管理班級。

      四.課堂教學的方法單一

      課堂教學的效率與課堂教學的模式,方法息息相關。不同的教學模式因其不同特質的內在組合方式而具有不同的功能,興趣能夠激起學生學習的源動力。這比外力的推動效率要高很多。課堂的教學內容可以是死的,但是教學方法可以是活的,“教無定法”。適合學生的方法,能夠提高課堂效率的方法就是好方法。

      五.家庭教育的引導不足

      學生在家庭、在社會上處于弱勢地位,家長往往教育自己的子女“大人說話你認真聽著”,“怎么說你就怎么做”。好像符合上面標準的學生就是好學生。這樣導致學生雖然有想法但是不能表達,不能展示。久而久之變得只聽不說,甚至不聽不說。失去大量口語表達的機會,同時也失去了積極進取的勁頭。因而課上不敢說,課下少說,活動少參加,有想法不愿表達,就不足為奇了。

      相關教育論文范文閱讀:家庭教育論文利用有線電視網促進家庭輔導教育

      家庭教育對于一個孩子的成長來說是非常重要的,家庭教育很大一方面屬于素質教育,對于學生提高整體素質來說是很有效的。隨著現在科技的發展,家庭教育也越來越方便了,本文是一篇家庭教育論文范文,主要論述了利用有線電視網促進家庭輔導教育。

      

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