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    農業論文

    淺析現代林業育苗理念與育苗技術

    時間:2019年03月27日 所屬分類:農業論文 點擊次數:

    摘要:隨著我國社會體系與經濟水平的不斷發展與進步,國家開始重視林業發展,不斷創新育苗技術,有效的育苗技術可以不斷的推動我國林業事業的改革。本文結合甘肅省林業發展現狀探討現代林業育苗理念與育苗技術。 關鍵詞:現代林業,育苗理念,育苗技術 規模化

      摘要:隨著我國社會體系與經濟水平的不斷發展與進步,國家開始重視林業發展,不斷創新育苗技術,有效的育苗技術可以不斷的推動我國林業事業的改革。本文結合甘肅省林業發展現狀探討現代林業育苗理念與育苗技術。

      關鍵詞:現代林業,育苗理念,育苗技術

    農業工程技術

      規模化育苗是林業發展的基礎,現代科技水平的不斷發展影響著我國育苗技術的實施理念。我國的林業面積較大并且林業體系也在不斷發展壯大,從而推動了甘肅省的林業發展。正確的理念是對林業發展的保障。現代林業育苗理念與育苗技術也影響著林木的成活情況。

      1現代林業育苗的理念

      我國在發展經濟的同時對現有的生態系統也造成了不同的破壞,對此相關工作人員也在不斷的尋找解決辦法。時代的變革在某些方面也推動了林業發展,而甘肅省林業發展依然遵循傳統的育苗理念,在實行育苗技術時仍采用蜂窩紙或者塑料袋作為育苗容器,這會對育苗的根系造成傷害,存在育苗根莖出現歪根,生長速度較慢等情況。不僅影響育苗的生長,在樹苗錨地時也會出現不穩固的現象,從而對林木成活率造成影響。傳統容器在育苗過程中不應再使用,以減少對育苗的傷害。新型育苗技術的發展對林木成活率具有重要意義。

      保障育苗質量首先應解決容器的問題,解決基礎問題才能更好使育苗健康生長。應運用科學手段分析研究技術理念,近幾年的育苗技術沒有明確的發展方向。依據科學手段研發的新型技術可以從根本上替代傳統的育苗技術,從而保障育苗質量。具有科學性的育苗技術應大力推廣,從而推動育苗技術的發展與創新。

      2現代林業育苗的發展

      現代林業育苗過程中,部分人群認為容器育苗可以更加直接的保護育苗根系,認為容器育苗是有效的育苗方式。其實,容器育苗存在著很明顯的問題。容器是塑料容器,在保護育苗根系的同時也會出現育苗根系無法生長的現象。對于這一現象,若不及時改善,幼苗根系就會停止生長,進而阻礙林業發展。

      3現代林業育苗技術

      3.1選取優質的育苗基質

      在傳統的育苗技術中,過高的肥沃基質并不利于育苗的健康成長。培養育苗的過程中應了解育苗的水分流失情況,使育苗在具備充分的水分與陽光的基質下健康生長。運輸營養物質有利于育苗的根莖不受彎曲。優質的育苗基質可以保障育苗質量,從而使育苗茁壯成長。

      3.2栽種幼苗的生長情況

      幼苗的栽種需要優質的育苗基質,育苗的健康成長可以提高栽種的生長率。栽種幼苗具有較強的生存能力,可以抵抗相對艱難的生長環境。運用栽種幼苗技術需要嚴格把控各個環節的操作過程,打好根基,為幼苗的健康成長奠定基礎。幼苗栽種技術為造林獲取了更多的優厚條件,但該技術的實行使幼苗在生長中會出現短期未生長的現象,這需要對幼苗根莖進行輕微的刺激。

      3.3造林技術手段不斷創新

      甘肅省的造林技術也在不斷創新。在創新過程中開展了插條造林技術,該技術基本選擇在春秋兩季實行。這兩個季節的溫度相對適宜,土壤較為濕潤,較高的濕潤度可以保障幼苗正常生長。若幼苗種植的土壤較為干燥,可以運用相應的方式來解決土壤的濕度問題,保障幼苗在適宜的環境中生長。柳條造林技術是對柳條進行適當的修剪,從而保障根莖的營養價值,防止水分流失。

      4現代林業育苗理念與育苗技術

      在育苗過程中溫度情況、土壤問題均需要引起相關人員的重視,運用科學理念的育苗方式代替傳統的育苗手段,全面保障育苗的生長情況。科學的育苗容器可以改善根莖的折斷問題,從而促進育苗的正常生長。

      4.1科學選取種植區域

      建設新的育苗理念與整改育苗技術的根本目的是為了改善我國的現有生態環境,保障我國社會發展。因此在育苗前,需要相關人員樹立先進育苗理念,選擇適宜的育苗技術。打造良好的育苗環境對育苗的健康生長具有一定的促進作用。不同地區應選擇不同的育苗種類以利于育苗的生長。例如,在甘肅省可以種植松樹柏樹以及白楊樹等品種。相關人員需要合理規劃種植范圍,并選取科學合理的種植技術,從而促進甘肅省林業的發展。

      4.2重視病蟲害的預防,滿足營養供給需求

      在育苗的生長過程中,不僅需要選擇合適的地理環境,蟲害問題也應受到相關部門的重視。育苗的初始階段相對不穩定,容易出現蟲害問題,對此相關人員需要通過科學理念制定有效的解決方案。幼苗若出現顏色變化,很可能是被毒蟲侵害了。需要對育苗灌輸營養物質,可以加強幼苗的抵抗力。

      4.3開展機械化移栽育苗技術

      機械化移栽技術是促進育苗生長的新技術,是現代林業發展與改革的必然趨勢,該技術的核心理念是基質育苗移栽。機械化移栽育苗技術的成活率相比傳統的育苗技術成活率要高出很多。育苗在培養過程中可減少爛芽以及死苗等危害育苗成活率的現象。該技術的實行可將營養豐富的無土基質替換掉原有的土壤基質,并且機械化移栽育苗生根速度快,在之后的成長過程中后勁足,育苗健壯,該技術很大程度的保障了育苗的健康生長。

      5結語

      林業事業的穩定發展需要樹立正確的育苗理念、選擇適宜的育苗技術,相關機構需要提供資金的幫助,并全方位提供支持。在育苗的成長過程中應選用優質的容器從而對幼苗的生長進行保障。培養育苗時科學的理念與專業的技術才是最有效的,才能推動我國的林業發展。

      參考文獻

      [1]張偉亮.關于現代林業育苗栽培管理技術的探究[J].農民致富之友,2016(01):233.

      [2]郝慶峰,王志剛.淺析現代林業育苗的理念與技術[J].科學技術創新,2016(14):291.

      [3]徐慶君.現代林業育苗理念與育種技術探析[J].農業工程技術,2016,36(02):15.

      農業方向期刊推薦:農業工程技術(月刊)創刊于1980年,由中華人民共和國農業部主管,農業部規劃設計研究院、中國農業工程學會主辦的國家級農產品加工行業期刊。本刊被《中國期刊全文數據庫》、《中國學術期刊綜合評價數據庫》、《中國學術期刊•光盤版》、《中文科技期刊數據庫》等重要檢索刊物摘引和收錄。

      

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