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    教育論文

    多樣化教學構建有效英語課堂

    時間:2019年06月13日 所屬分類:教育論文 點擊次數:

    內容摘要:有效英語課堂的構建,情景導入激發學生英語學習的積極性;分層設計任務提高學生參與的積極性;有效提升任務設計的層次性和多樣性;信息技術提高英語課堂教學效率;小組合作激發學生學習英語的趣味性。 關鍵詞:情景導入,分層設計,有效提升,信息技術,小

      內容摘要:有效英語課堂的構建,情景導入激發學生英語學習的積極性;分層設計任務提高學生參與的積極性;有效提升任務設計的層次性和多樣性;信息技術提高英語課堂教學效率;小組合作激發學生學習英語的趣味性。

      關鍵詞:情景導入,分層設計,有效提升,信息技術,小組合作

    漳州職業技術學院學報

      一.情景導入激發學生學習的積極性。

      在英語對話教學中,要以有趣的課堂導入,吸引學生的注意力,激發他們英語表達欲望。教師可以采用與學生聊天的方式導入,例如“:WhatcolorisLiDong’sTshirt?”,“Whatdidyoudolastnight?”等等。教師可以根據學生詞匯掌握情況講一些英語小故事,然后讓學生針對故事對容進行提問或評價。課堂導入可以根據當堂教學重點進行設置和展開。這種導入新課的對話練習,要堅持經常,這不僅能夠培養學生的英語對話習慣,并且可以在對話中提高學生的聽力水平,激發學生參與英語對話的興趣。

      二.分層設計任務提高學生參與的積極性。

      所謂分層設計任務是指根據學生之間的個體差異,按不同的標準和方法在教學過程中對每個學生的學習態度、智力、情感等方面進行有差別的任務設計。具體來說就是按學生之間的不同差異,分別制定不同的學習目標和任務,指導學生尋找適合自己的學習方法,并根據這些差異,制定差異的評價標準和制度進行定期的評價,評價學生學習的全過程,從而了解學生的動態,及時調整到最佳狀態。

      比如在初中英語中有一課為“Haveyoueverbeentoanamusementpark?”這篇課文主要對游樂園內的設施進行介紹,在教學的時候,有對相關單詞和現在完成時的學習,所以教學的過程就會比較枯燥。但是,教師可以在課前根據學生的基礎和興趣的不同,布置不同的任務,針對基礎比較好的學生,布置讓其回顧之前去游樂園經歷的趣事,并用英語口頭表達,英語基礎相對較差的學生則用英語單詞列舉游樂園中的主要設施和場所。通過布置不同的任務,讓各個層次的學生都參與了任務,都有了一定的提高和收獲。

      三.有效提升任務設計的層次性和多樣性。

      在進行初中英語任務型教學時,應當注重任務設計的多樣性和層次性。豐富的任務形式和新穎的任務層次能夠極大地提高學生參與任務的興趣。在教授八年級下冊第五單元的課本時,為了讓學生掌握本單元的核心知識“If句型的應用”,掌握If引導的條件狀語從句的句法,我精心設計了以游戲形式為主體的任務。我先將班級中的學生進行分組,讓每組學生每人用一句If句式寫一句話,然后將寫完的句子傳給下一個同學,最后每個小組要形成一個完整的故事。最后老師綜合判定各個小組的故事的句法使用的正確率和故事的完整性、故事性等,以判定各個小組的任務完成情況和成績。

      四.信息技術提高英語課堂教學效率。

      在整合現代多媒體信息技術手段進行教學的時候,由于對多媒體課件的課前預制,都是經歷教師的嚴謹思考后所進行的,故而課堂的教學結構是相當嚴謹的。在對英語各個知識點進行講解中,進行有效地精講和大量的練習。比如分燈片,就可以為學生大量播放而提供足量的學習機會。

      充分地讓學生在實際練習中對詞語、句法給予領會。這樣一來,就讓英語課增大了信息量,有助于學生在足量的信息里對教學內容的掌握,提高學生的學習技能,真正達到事半功倍的良好的教學效果。另外。由于教學中充分發揮了現代多媒體信息技術手段的強大的呈現功能,在一定程度上,就減少了教師的板書以及畫圖所耗費的時間,有利于提高課堂教學的效率。

      五.小組合作激發學生學習英語的趣味性。

      1.教師要運用合作小組激發學生學習英語的興趣。

      學習興趣是學生學習英語的根本,只有調動了學生學習英語的興趣,才能讓學生積極參與到合作學習中來。如教師在教授初中英語教材的Module2的”現在進行時”時,教師可以讓學生創設各種情境,將教材中的內容運用小組合作的形式進行探討,或者也可以采用表演的方式進行,這樣學生在歡樂的氣氛中不知不覺地就參與到英語的學習中來,思維活躍了,參與度高了,學習英語的興趣上來了,對于英語的掌握程度也就會加深。

      2.全員參與,互相學習。

      小組合作學習的真諦是共同參與,共同進步。因此教師要挖掘合作學習中的死角,讓每一個學生都要積極參與到合作學習中更好地發展自己。教師要積極準備,思考讓學生全員參與的方式,讓學生在合作學習的過程中積極準備,提高英語課堂教學效率,提高合作學習的效率。

      相關期刊推薦:《漳州職業技術學院學報》(原《漳州職業大學學報》)是漳州職業技術學院主辦、國內外公開發行的綜合性學報,1998年10月經國家新聞出版總署批準取得刊號,1999年3月創刊, 2004年6月經國家新聞出版總署批準改刊名為《漳州職業技術學院學報》。

      

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