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    教育論文

    基于大數據時代的計算機專業教學應用探索

    時間:2019年05月18日 所屬分類:教育論文 點擊次數:

    摘要:新時代的到來意味著人們需具備一定的計算機能力以幫助人們更好的生活和就業發展,因此計算機專業課程成為當前各高校必備的課程,然而傳統的計算機課程教學方法在當前社會已經無法勝任,不能滿足社會人才培養的需求。本文通過闡述大數據定義,對計算機

      摘要:新時代的到來意味著人們需具備一定的計算機能力以幫助人們更好的生活和就業發展,因此計算機專業課程成為當前各高校必備的課程,然而傳統的計算機課程教學方法在當前社會已經無法勝任,不能滿足社會人才培養的需求。本文通過闡述大數據定義,對計算機專業基于大數據時代下發生的變化進行針對性教學,結合大數據和實際教學經驗,為新型計算機專業教學模式應用探索,以提高計算機教學質量,加強學生專業能力,為社會培養高素質計算機人才。

      關鍵詞:大數據;計算機專業;教學應用

    時代農機

      1關于大數據

      1.1大數據相關概念

      計算機相對于其他概念而言較為抽象,并非單指一種技術或一種產品,大數據來源于互聯網,是信息時代快速發展下的產物之一,具有非常重要的作用。大數據也可以指大量性資源或材料,數量之龐大無法臆想,就算是通過現在的軟件工具,也無法對其進行全面管理或全面處置,充分利用大數據資源有助于推動企業創建更好的經營策略,從而獲得更多的知識來源。當前大數據所包括的資源遠遠超越了傳統計算機能夠控制的范圍內,大數據涵蓋著許多結構化和非結構化的信息數據,其價值非常顯著。

      1.2大數據作用于計算機教學

      從宏觀角度來看,大數據和計算機存在一定的聯系,在進行計算機教學時將大數據融入其中有助于更好的開展教學工作,有助于推動學生對計算機的研究和學習。因此進行計算機課程專業教學可通過結合大數據技術實現。通過大數據技術推動教師和學生之間的和諧關系,從而幫助師生之間相互進步。針對計算機課程教學,教師應全面掌握大數據和計算機的關心,充分掌握大數據核心概念,了解大數據的發展趨勢,幫助自身計算機水平得以提升。

      2大數據時代下計算機專業教學發生的變化

      基于大數據時代,帶給了計算機專業的學生一定的學習要求,要求學生能夠運用計算機技術對各項事務進行處理,這對傳統計算機教學方式來講,是極大的創新。

      2.1課程理念和思維方式變化

      傳統計算機課程教學模式中教師是計算機課程教學主體,傳統計算機教學模式也是以教師的教學思維思路引領學生學習計算機相關知識。伴隨著大數據技術的到來,將大數據結合傳統教學模式中有價值的教學理念,能夠建立幫助學生學習計算機技能的教學體系,幫助學生制定完善的教學計劃,使得計算機教學更具針對性,更適合因材施教的教學模式,促進學生未來的職業發展。

      2.2大數據下學生的學習環境變化

      基于大數據時代背景,學生學習方式和教師教學手段都發生著非常大的變化,特別是慕課的教學模式出現,徹底改革了傳統計算機課程教學模式和觀念,不但可通過課堂教學讓學生獲得計算機技能,還可通過自主學習獲得專業技能。除此之外,在線平臺教學模式和翻轉課堂教學模式以及微課等都是新型的屬于大數據環境的產物,學生不再只單憑教師計劃的課堂教學內容學習,還可通過手機APP軟件和自媒體平臺進行相關技能自學,不僅開拓了學生知識面,還能幫助學生培養主動好學的學習能力。

      2.3教學方式發生的變化

      不僅改變了學生的學習環境,還對教師的教學方式進行了相應改變。由于新時代環境,教師在課堂上的地位不再高高在上,而是處于和學生平等地位的位置,教師的權威性被新型教育模式打破,對學生來講,甚至教師是輔助自身學習的配角。所以相比傳統教學方式,大數據時代下教學方式更適合新時代學生需求,更符合社會發展的人才培養,教師應充分具備豐富的閱歷或教學經驗,才能在計算機教學中,從課堂主角轉變為幕后輔導人,為學生選擇更適合學生的學習資源和課程內容。

      3大數據時代下應用于計算機專業教學策略

      3.1制定合理科學的教學體系

      基于大數據時代,社會市場和計算機人才需求隨之在不斷進步,要求計算機工作者需要具備相應的數據儲存,應用技術操作和相關理論知識掌握。詳細來講,德智體美是在開始計算機課程教學前首先具備的教學前提,是為培養高素質計算機專業人才奠定基礎的教學手段,幫助學生全面掌握計算機軟硬件操作技能,熟練運用計算機功能、涉及計算機程序,培養具備專業性非常強的高素質人才,繼而進行獲得相應的軟件開發能力。

      3.2如何運用大數據教學

      首先需要通過理實一體化教學模式讓學生充分具備計算機專業素質和能力,具體方式為:在大學生計算機上機操作前期,對學生進行計算機理論知識講解,在學生掌握一定的基礎技能后再開始上機操作,只有充分掌握理論知識,再結合實踐操作,才能讓學生獲得軟件開發和自主設計魅力。同時也能加強師生互動頻率,增加教師一對一指導概率,通過計算機知識概念和原理對講解,結合案例教學,才能全面發展人才培養策略,提高人才培養效率。

      3.3加強培養學生的學習興趣

      在計算機專業課程教學中,教師要利用大數據技術收集學生的學習信息,調查學生對計算機課程教學的滿意度,分析學生的課堂表現和行為,才能進行全面、準確的課程評估,利用大數據技術能夠更好的引導學生進行學習。在培養學生的學習興趣時,首先可以利用大數據問題、現象來吸引學生,然后把大數據技術的發展歷程展示給學生,其中可以利用圖片、視頻或案例使學生了解“大數據”的定義,認識到大數據的功能價值,才能在學習中學會關注和應用大數據技術。

      4結語

      總而言之,在大數據時代下進行計算機專業教學,必須轉變傳統的課程教學理念,依托于大數據技術設置全新的課程體系,采用現代化教學策略,不斷培養學生的學習興趣,才能培養出更多的大數據應用人才。

      參考文獻:

      [1]謝紅.大數據時代下計算機專業教育對策分析——以貴陽職業技術學院為例[J].教育科學:全文版,2016(10):00295.

      [2]徐芳.大數據時代下計算機專業教學的探究[J].中小企業管理與科技,2017(24):109-110.

      [3]桑迪.大數據時代下計算機專業教學的探索[J].時代農機,2017,44(03):224.

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