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    電子論文

    高職院校電氣電子實驗室改革與探索

    時間:2019年05月08日 所屬分類:電子論文 點擊次數:

    摘要:建立電氣電子實驗室是為了進一步推進教學改革,提高教學效果,但是當前高職院校電氣電子實驗室的建立和管理,依然存在諸多問題。為此,本研究深入剖析電氣電子實驗室發展現狀,并提出高職院校電氣電子實驗室改革的途徑,以期為該專業發展提供借鑒和參

      摘要:建立電氣電子實驗室是為了進一步推進教學改革,提高教學效果,但是當前高職院校電氣電子實驗室的建立和管理,依然存在諸多問題。為此,本研究深入剖析電氣電子實驗室發展現狀,并提出高職院校電氣電子實驗室改革的途徑,以期為該專業發展提供借鑒和參考。

      關鍵詞:高職院校;電氣電子;實驗室改革

    中國儲運

      實驗室是高職院校學生實習教學的主要場所,對提高學生實際操作能力,提高教學質量,取得良好的教學效果,起著舉足輕重的作用。電氣電子實驗室制度是否落實,設備是否跟上教學要求,師資力量是否充分等,都直接影響著實訓課程的教學效果。

      實驗室建設是高職電子電氣專業教學模式轉變的關鍵環節。學生通過實訓課程,可以充分運用理論知識進行實踐,有利于鞏固專業理論知識,幫助自己發展扎實的基礎技能,提高綜合素質。

      一、高職院校電氣電子實驗室改革存在的問題

      (一)管理制度未嚴格落實

      當前許多高職院校對電氣電子實驗室的管理,并沒有給予足夠的重視。雖然實驗室管理制度都很完善,并展示在醒目位置,但許多管理規則沒有落實,嚴重影響了培訓室培訓質量的提高。實驗室是高職學生提高實際操作能力、提高就業競爭力的有力保障,只有通過完善的管理制度和嚴格的監督機制,才能保證培訓課程授課質量。另外,高職院校的實驗室多為二級管理模式,學院除直接管理中學外,還由教務處、設備科、資產科、科研科間接管理,這就使得培訓室的建設與管理難以有機結合,不利于培訓室的規范化和有序管理。

      (二)實驗教師師資力量不足

      高職實驗室缺乏專業的管理人才,許多實驗室管理都是由專職電氣電子教師擔任。這就導致實驗室長期管理不規范,設備損壞后維護不及時,甚至設備丟失等。此外,即使還有部分高職院校有專職實驗室管理人員,但是這些實驗人員還必須擔任其他崗位工作,比如教學秘書、資產管理員、輔導員等。繁忙的工作使得實驗室工作人員無法全身心投入到實驗室管理工作。再者,高職實驗教師的工資普遍偏低,晉升渠道也存在一定的局限性,很難引進和留住優秀的實訓教師。

      (三)設施落后,實驗內容陳舊

      為了使學生對實驗感興趣,我們首先必須保證訓練內容的質量,還要注意靈活結合有趣的、應用性的、前沿的培訓內容,讓學生在參與實踐教學的過程中獲得有用的操作技能,進而吸引更多的學生積極參與實踐教學。“興趣是最好的老師”,高質量的培訓內容是學生興趣的基礎。然而,由于近年來高職院校招生規模的萎縮,學生的短缺不僅導致了一些專業的停課,也導致了培訓設施專業施工設備的缺乏。為了節約成本,考慮未來該專業的發展前景,部分高職院校并沒有及時更新實訓設備,使學生無法掌握最先進的技術,專業操作技能很難滿足企業的需求。

      二、高職院校電氣電子實驗室改革與探索途徑

      要想提高學生參加實驗實踐教學效果,我們需要清楚地認識到當前高職院校在實驗室管理工作中所面臨問題的基礎,進而提出相應的對策措施,以此全面促進高職學生實訓工作高效進行。

      (一)嚴格落實實驗室管理制度

      完善的培訓室管理體系是保證培訓室順利高效發展的基礎,只有當現有的管理制度能夠滿足實際需要時,我們才能依靠這些規章制度來約束管理人員和參加培訓的教師和學生。為此,我們必須制定基本的管理規定,并在此基礎上根據實際管理需要,制定符合現實需要的規章制度。在完善管理規章制度的過程中,要盡可能多地聽取教師和學生的建議,采納合理、現實的建議,確保建立完善。另外,要嚴格落實相關規章制度,實驗室管理教師要帶頭遵守規則,從每個人做起,以身作則。

      (二)提升實驗室師資隊伍水平

      在培訓室培訓人員的招聘過程中,需要提高候選人的門檻,對他們的專業和管理經驗提出要求。在開始工作之前,必須做好篩選工作,以確保招錄到技能過硬、責任心強的管理人員。此外,有必要定期安排這些管理人員接受培訓和學習,以確保掌握前沿的管理知識和實操技能,逐步提高他們的管理能力,進而滿足社會發展的需要。最后,提高實驗室管理人員的工資水平,讓實驗教師能安心工作。

      (三)加大實驗室建設資金投入

      電子電氣專業實驗室的建設和使用需要大量的資金支持。在科技飛速發展的大背景下,企業、社會、高職學生對培訓室設施設備提出了更高的要求。這就需要學校投入更多的資金和加強實驗室建設。目前,許多高職院校辦學資金短缺。面對更大的財政壓力,電力電子專業實驗室建設資金不足。為此,高職院校應尋求實習單位、校友公司、地方企業等方面的合作,并尋求地方政府和教育部門的資金支持。

      三、結語

      總而言之,加快電氣電子專業實驗室的建設,不僅是提高高職院校教學質量的重要措施,而且還是提高學生的實際應用和解決問題能力的有效途徑。通過實訓課程訓練,可為社會培養和輸送高素質電氣電子人才,對促進高職電氣電子專業教學改革也具有重要意義。

      參考文獻:

      [1]陸華才.電子電氣與智能信息虛擬仿真實驗中心建設探索[J].巢湖學院學報,2018(3).

      [2]郭軍華,江敏,王麗萍,張洪萍,張力.電氣工程專業研究生參與電工電子實驗教學的探索[J].中國儲運,2017(8)

      相關刊物推薦:《中國儲運》是1990年經國家新聞出版署批準出版的,面向海內外公開發行的刊物。出版周期為月刊。作為物流領域的主流期刊,本刊全面、深入、及時地報道海內外現代物流業界的動態及信息,并與物流界專家、企業界精英共同開展現代物流研究,推廣現代物流管理及技術

      

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